Help:Cite errors/Cite error group refs without references

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Overview

Further information: HELP:FOOT

When grouped references are defined, then the page must also have markup to show the reference list. The reference list is shown by including either of the following:

{{Reflist|group=groupname}}
or
{{notelist}} or one of the variants listed below.

Issues and resolution

The most obvious and simplest issue is when the reference list markup is missing. Simply add {{reflist|group=groupname}} to the end of the article under the section title "References", usually between "See also" and "External links". The $1 in the message shown above will be replaced with the groupname.

There are predefined group names that use templates for the in-text citation and for the reference list. If one of these group names is used, then the matching reference list template can be used.

Group name Footnote marker template
or markup
Reference list template Sample labels
none <ref>...</ref> {{reflist}} 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
none {{refn}} for nested references {{reflist}} 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
lower-alpha {{efn}} {{notelist}} a b c d e f g h i j
upper-alpha {{efn-ua}} {{notelist-ua}} A B C D E F G H I J
lower-roman {{efn-lr}} {{notelist-lr}} i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x
upper-roman {{efn-ur}} {{notelist-ur}} I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X
lower-greek[lower-alpha 1] {{efn-lg}} {{notelist-lg}} α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ
  1. Not supported by Internet Explorer 7 and below

Sometimes the reference list markup exists, but the message is shown because the <ref> tag immediately before the reference list markup does not have a closing </ref> or it is malformed, thus "eating" the rest of the text including the reference list. Find the last <ref> tag and ensure it is properly closed with </ref>.


This message may also show if there are <ref>...</ref> tags after the reference list markup. Ensure all <ref>...</ref> tags are properly placed. A template such as a navbox may have <ref>...</ref> tags.

Examples

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.<ref group="note">Reference 1</ref> Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco Template:Not a typoTemplate:Not a typo nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.[note 1] Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco Template:Not a typo nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Technical

Help:Cite errors/tech

Bugs

Template:Tracked

  • Misleading error message for omitted </ref> tag T23798



Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "note", but no corresponding <references group="note"/> tag was found, or a closing </ref> is missing