DNSMasq

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DNSMasq is a lightweight DNS, TFTP and DHCP server. It is intended to provide coupled DNS and DHCP service to a LAN.

Documentation

Installing DNSMasq

FedoraLogo infinity-2.png Note: This Page was written with Fedora in mind, and may not work correctly with other versions or distributions.

Installing DNSMasq using Yum

With Fedora you can just install DNSMasq using yum. Since DNSMasq is designed to be able to run on a smaller router or the like, there are no dependencies needed to install.

yum install dnsmasq

Installing DNSMasq from Source

The below is for version 2.46. You can check for the lates version at DNSMasq Download Site.

wget http://www.thekelleys.org.uk/dnsmasq/dnsmasq-2.59.tar.gz
tar -xzf dnsmasq-2.59.tar.gz
cd dnsmasq-2.59

Now to compile the downloaded source:

make && make install

DNSMasq INIT Script

#!/bin/sh
#
# Startup script for the DNS caching server
#
# chkconfig: - 99 01
# description: This script starts your DNS caching server
# processname: dnsmasq
# pidfile: /var/run/dnsmasq.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ ${NETWORKING} = "no" ] && exit 0

dnsmasq=/usr/local/sbin/dnsmasq
[ -f $dnsmasq ] || exit 0

#DOMAIN_SUFFIX=`dnsdomainname`
#if [ ! -z "${DOMAIN_SUFFIX}" ]; then
#  OPTIONS="-s $DOMAIN_SUFFIX"
#fi

RETVAL=0

# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
 start)
       echo -n "Starting dnsmasq: "
       daemon $dnsmasq $OPTIONS
	RETVAL=$?
       echo
       [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/dnsmasq
       ;;
 stop)
       if test "x`pidof dnsmasq`" != x; then
           echo -n "Shutting down dnsmasq: "
           killproc dnsmasq
       fi
	RETVAL=$?
       echo
       [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/dnsmasq /var/run/dnsmasq.pid
       ;;
 status)
	status dnsmasq
	RETVAL=$?
	;;
 reload)
	echo -n "Reloading dnsmasq: "
	killproc dnsmasq -HUP
	RETVAL=$?
	echo
	;;
 restart)
	$0 stop
	$0 start
	RETVAL=$?
	;;
 condrestart)
	    if test "x`/sbin/pidof dnsmasq`" != x; then
		$0 stop
		$0 start
		RETVAL=$?
	    fi
	    ;;
  *)
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|reload|condrestart|status}"
        exit 1
esac

exit $RETVAL

Configuring DNSMasq

Configuring DNSMasq is pretty strait forward. The main config file (located at /etc/dnsmasq.conf)

domain-needed
bogus-priv
filterwin2k
except-interface=eth0
cache-size=5000
domain=example.com
dhcp-range=192.168.1.10,192.168.1.30,60m
resolv-file=/etc/dnsmasq-resolv.conf

dhcp-host=00:99:00:99:00:99,System1,192.168.1.3
dhcp-host=00:99:00:99:00:98,System2

dhcp-option=option:ntp-server,192.168.1.1
dhcp-option=vendor:MSFT,2,1i

address=/system3.example.com/192.168.1.1

# (see SPF for more info)
txt-record=example.com,"v=spf1 a ptr:mail.example.com -all"