Angle of View

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In photography, angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It parallels, and may be used interchangeably with, the more general visual term field of view.

It is important to distinguish the angle of view from the angle of coverage, which describes the angle of projection by the lens onto the focal plane. For most cameras, it may be assumed that the image circle produced by the lens is large enough to cover the film or sensor completely. If the angle of view exceeds the angle of coverage, however, then vignetting will be present in the resulting photograph.

Common lens angles of view

This table shows the diagonal, horizontal, and vertical angles of view, in degrees, for lenses producing rectilinear images, when used with 36 mm × 24 mm format (that is, 135 film or full-frame 35mm digital using width 36 mm, height 24 mm, and diagonal 43.3 mm for d in the formula above).

Focal Length (mm) 13 15 18 21 24 28 35 50 85 105 135 180 210 300 400 500 600 830 1200
Diagonal (°) 118 111 100 91.7 84.1 75.4 63.4 46.8 28.6 23.3 18.2 13.7 11.8 8.25 6.19 4.96 4.13 2.99 2.07
Vertical (°) 85.4 77.3 67.4 59.5 53.1 46.4 37.8 27.0 16.1 13.0 10.2 7.63 6.54 4.58 3.44 2.75 2.29 1.66 1.15
Horizontal (°) 108 100.4 90.0 81.2 73.7 65.5 54.4 39.6 23.9 19.5 15.2 11.4 9.80 6.87 5.15 4.12 3.44 2.48 1.72